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tv   Politics Public Policy Today  CSPAN  January 20, 2015 1:00pm-3:01pm EST

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that's what the wolf administration is going to be about. so let's start. first, getting pennsylvania back on track means we have to start with jobs that pay. as a business owner i know that the free market requires a constructive partner, a partner in government. that means our government should not do everything. it shouldn't. but it cannot do nothing either. that was a double negative. i know i said that. i meant that. one thing it can do to create more economic activity is to make smart strategic investments in public goods. investments in education, in health, in transportation infrastructure. things that set the table for robust public sector growth. another thing that it can do is create the conditions necessary to bring manufacturing jobs back to our state. that's exactly what i did in my job, in my business that's what i plan to do here. in pennsylvania, we're also blessed with an abundance of
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natural resources. gas, timber coal sun, wind, fresh water, open spaces agricultural and beautiful scenery in an that makes us the keystone state. to fulfill our potential we must take full and absolutely responsible advantage of these resources. after the protesters here today i say help me develop these opportunities in a way that is clean, safe, and sustainable. [ applause ] thank you. if we want to be a state where the next generation can envision a bright future pennsylvania has to offer a level playing field where all entrepreneurs can be confident their risks will be fairly rewarded. the companies and countries that are thriving in today's global economy are those that are committed to diversity, inclusiveness and fairness. all of pennsylvania's families
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deserve those same opportunities, no matter what their race sexual orientation, where they started life or who they are. that's important. my company has a profit sharing plan because i believe that everybody working for me deserves a chance to share in the benefits of their hard work. but, you know what it also makes my company a lot better. a lot more successful. being inclusive, being fair, paying good wages, those things aren't just the right things to do, they're also the smart things to do. and acting smartly is how we're going to grow this economy. that's first. second getting pennsylvania back on track also means we need schools that teach and provide all of our young people with the skills they need to find good jobs and compete in the global economy.
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in this limited government free market system, our collective future depends on the next generation. our state will never be as strong as it needs to be if some schools have all the resources they need while other schools are cutting band and football just to keep the lights on. that's why nothing is more essential than working together to make sure that every child in pennsylvania, every child has access to a great education. and that all teachers have the resources they need to deliver that great education. from early childhood to college and apprenticeships and training, we must strive to provide our kids an education that is both affordable and second to none. our schools must be our highest priority. and finally getting pennsylvania back on track means creating a government that works, one that is worthy of all of our trust.
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we have to be good stewards of taxpayer dollars. i get that. but we also have to be stewards of a grand democratic tradition. what we need is a government that is more efficient and less wasteful, that's true. but we also need a government that is responsive to the concerns and needs of the people that serve us. by all means -- by all means let's get rid of the things that make no sense. outdated laws, silly regular dags regulations. but let's's make sure all businesses, all pennsylvanians have a chance to get ahead. let's work to put the interests of hard working families ahead of special interests, that's the kind of government i intend to lead. [ applause ] with a large deficit stagnant wages, a shrinking middle class there is no question that our challenges are great. but let's remember the last time america went through a great
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transformation, it was pennsylvania that led the nation through that great transformation, the industrial revolution. we led then. we can lead today. it is going to take every one of us, every one of us working together to create a better future. i understand the indifference that some people feel. i understand why fewer than 42% of pennsylvanians turned out in the most recent election. our experiences made us cynical. but we cannot allow that cynicism to deflate our democratic spirit or destroy our capacity for effective self-governance. over the last three centuries, every generation has been called upon to write a new chapter to carry the idea of pennsylvania forward. now it is our turn. as your governor i will do everything in my power to make pennsylvania a place where jobs pay, where schools teach, where government works, and where every pennsylvanian can believe in the fundamental notion that
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our democracy works. [ applause ] i hope -- i hope that elected officials from both parties, from all across this commonwealth will join me in this effort. but it is up to all of us, citizens of pennsylvania to reclaim our government. i'm asking for your ideas, for your passion, i'm asking for your hard work. because i know if we come together with a sense of shared purpose, we can build the better future we all deserve as pennsylvanians. now, let's get started. may god bless us in this noble task and may god bless the commonwealth of pennsylvania. thank you very much. [ applause ]
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♪ ♪ for purple mountains' majesty above the fruited plain ♪ ♪ america america ♪ ♪ god shed his grace on thee ♪ ♪ god shed his grace on every child ♪ ♪ god shed his grace not for some but for everyone ♪ ♪ god shed his grace on thee ♪ ♪ and crown thy good with brotherhood ♪ ♪ from sea
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to shining sea ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪
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>> thank you for attending the inauguration of the 47th governor of the commonwealth of pennsylvania. please join us this afternoon for the inaugural exhibit of the pennsylvania arts at the state museum and for guided tours of the governor's residence. shuttle service for inaugural activities will be provided throughout the day from the farm show. shuttle service to the evening celebration will begin running at 7:00 p.m. from the giant center to the hershey lodge. to lead us out, welcome one more time, the northeastern high school marching band. ♪ >> and governor woman promiselfwolf prohibiting no big contracts with private law firms. if you missed any of the swearing in, you'll be able to
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find it, we'll have it up aonline at our video library c-span.org. more live coverage later today on c-span3 from the brookings institution on transatlanta i ties with the european union. we'll hear from the eu's high representative on foreign policy live at 2:45 eastern time. and then tonight, join c-span for a preview and live coverage of president obama's state of the union address starting at 8:00 eastern with the speech at 9:00. and on facebook, we have been asking whether or not you think the state of the union speech matters. look at c-span's facebook page you can see our poll on the question with about a thousand people weighing in saying whether 568 saying yes, the state of the union speech does matter, and 495 saying no. you can logon to facebook.com/c-span and let us know what you think. leading up to the president's speech tonight,
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c-span's been covering state of the state speech and inaugurations from around the country. and while -- and before the heritage foundation begins, we'll look at the inauguration of pete ricketts of nebraska sworn in as the state's 40th governor recently. >> do you, pete ricketts solemnly swear or affirm that you will support the constitution of the united states and the constitution of the state of nebraska and will faithfully discharge the duties of governor according to the best of your ability? if so please answer either i so swear or i so affirm? >> i so swear. >> congratulations. [ applause ]
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>> state senators, constitutional officers and distinguished guests, i present to you for his inaugural address, the governor of the great state of nebraska, governor pete ricketts. [ applause ] >> thank you very much. thank you. thank you, all, very much. thank you. before we get started here today, i would like to take a
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moment, a friend and colleague of many folks in this building chris keatle passed away this morning. i want to express my heart felt sympathy to the family and ask you all to keep chris and his family in your prayers at this time, and please join me in a moment of silence. president foley, speaker hadley, chief justice havekin members of the legislature, distinguished guests, family, fellow nebraskaens congratulations on beginning the 104th nebraska legislature. i am humbled and honored to serve as your 40th governor of the great state of nebraska. [ applause ]
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welcome to the new members of the -- and my fellow constitutional officers. i look forward to working with each and every one of you. today as is with all inauguration days it is a time of new beginning for the state of nebraska. and as i look forward into the future, i'm optimistic about the road that lies ahead. we have a great state filled with opportunity. it is also a time for taking stock. we just turned the calendar to 2015. and a little over two years we will celebrate the 150th anniversary of our statehood. our rich history is deeply rooted in freedom, opportunity,
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liberty, and the hope for a better life for future generations. a few years before statehood in 1862, the homestead act was signed into law by president abraham lincoln who also, by the way, made nebraska the crossroads of a great transcontinental railroad. the first homesteaders were citizens immigrants, and freed slaves. they traveled for hundreds of miles to nebraska by foot, wagon train or railroad, searching for a better life. one of the first homesteaders daniel freeman, was one of the patriots who was rewarded with a special incentive for serving in the union army. he claimed land at club creek
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near beatrice. another veteran, robert ball anderson, was a former slave, who earned his freedom in the union army and in 1870 became the first freed african-american homesteader. as we gather here today in lincoln, our capital city, named for one of our greatest american presidents, who helped shape the destiny of our great state we continue to welcome people who value freedom and who search for a better life. we welcome people from all around the world who come to study our great universities, or work in our businesses, on our farms, ranches. and as our forefathers did a century and a half ago, we continue to honor the veterans, the men and women who sacrifice and serve our country.
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[ applause ] yes, we have a great state a beautiful state, filled with opportunity from the missouri river to the sand hills to the pine ridge. nebraska is what america is supposed to be. [ applause ] and the strength of our state lies within our people. nebraskaens are engaged in their communities, schools, their churches. and when we have problems we find a way to work together to solve those common problems despite our differences. our continued success here in the state will depend upon our ability to pull together, to
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solve problems, and grow nebraska. i'm excited about the opportunities to work in a collaborative spirit to move this great state forward. to build those futures our nebraska families want and deserve. we need to work toward four goals. the first we must strengthen the economy and create jobs. these two priorities go hand and hand. we must create more and better paying jobs for our kids and our grandkids. attract kids from across the country. we must put in place the 21st century infrastructure and pro growth policies that will foster investment by businesses and productivity on our farms and ranches. however, there is a barrier for creating jobs here in our state.
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and it is nebraska's high taxes. we must cut taxes. [ applause ] whether you're a homeowner a farmer or a rancher or business owner, everyone bears the burden of high taxes. nebraskaens from alliance to syracuse have expressed their strong interest in a pathway to property tax relief and that will be my number one priority in this session. [ applause ] at the same time, we must act responsibly. it is our constitutional duty to balance the budget while funding the priorities that the people of nebraska care about most.
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next, we must reduce regulation. whether you're the livestock producer in bridgeport, or the manufacturer in deshler, nebraska businesses face onerous regulation. as governor i will stand up to the egregious overregulation that we get forced on us from washington. [ applause ]dé at the state level i will work to ensure that our regulatory process is fair, transparent, and more efficient. in addition, we must strengthen education. we must ensure our young people have the tools they need to compete in a 21st century global economy. and in particular, i want to
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folk ous focus on career and vocational training. every manufacturer i've spoken with told me they cannot find enough skilled labor. and as a barrier for them expanding here in the state and these are wonderful careers. in the coming weeks, i will continue to meet with members of the legislature to build relationships so we can grow nebraska. as we work together you will have other ideas on how we can achieve these goals. you may hear other concerns from your constituents. i promise i will listen closely and with an open mind. the people of nebraska expect government to work. they hold us to high standards. i will work each and every day to meet those standards and safeguard the public trust. and to nebraskaens everywhere i
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encourage you stay involved. stay engaged. you are the second house. hold us accountable for the results we achieve and help us grow the state. in the words of virginia smith, the only woman to ever serve nebraska in the u.s. house of representatives, there is no excellence without great labor. on behalf of my wife suzanne, and our entire family, thank you very much and god bless the people of this great state. [ applause ]
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>> with live coverage of the u.s.us u.s. house on c-span and the senate on c-span2, here on c-span3 we complement that coverage by showing you the most relevant congressional hearings and public affairs events. and then on weekends, c-span3 is the home to american history tv with programs that tell our nation's story including six unique series, the civil war's 150th anniversary visiting battlefields and key events, american artifacts, touring museums and historic sites to discover what artifacts reveal about america's past, history book shelf with the best known american history writers the presidency presidency, looking at the policies and legacies of our commanders in chief lectures in history with professors deal offing into america's past, and our new series new america, featuring are akifl government and educational films from the
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1930s through the '70s. c-span3, created by the cable tv industry and funded by your local cable or satellite provider. >> the new york times reporting on president obama and his plans to use the state of the union address tonight to effectively declare victory over economic hard times after his first six years in office and to advocate using the economy. you can read more at ny times.com. and we'll have a preview program of the state of the union address starting at 8:00 tonight on our companion network, c-span, and at 9:00, the president's state of the union speech. leading up to the president's speech tonight, the state of the state speeches and inaugurations from around the country. next we'll take a look at connecticut governor dannel malloy being sworn in for his second term. [ applause ] >> thank you.
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thank you. thank you. thank you very much. congratulations to all of you for being sworn in today. thank you. thank you. we got work to do. thank you. thank you very much. [ applause ] thank you. mr. president, mr. speaker, lieutenant governor wyman and my fellow state officials ladies and gentlemen of the general assembly, honored members of the judiciary, members of the clergy and all the citizens of our great state, thank you. thank you for invite -- for the honor of inviting me into the people's house once again. let me also offer my sincere congratulations to those of you taking on new and important roles. specifically senate president marty looney. congratulations.
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senate majority leader bob duff, congratulations to you. [ applause ] senate minority leader len safanno, congratulations to you. [ applause ] and house minority leader themis cloris. [ applause ] congratulations as well to the freshmen members of the general assembly wornsworn in earlier today. i look forward to working with you in the months and years ahead. as always, let me thank the connecticut brave men and women who serve our nation and its armed services. thank you also as i said, to the best lieutenant governor in the united states of america, nancy wyman. thank you, nancy. [ applause ]
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and finally, thank you to my wife kathy and our three boys, daniel, ben and sam. thank you for your love and support. [ applause ] four years ago, i joined you in this chamber for the first time as governor. i spoke about how7.sw connecticut has alway3jaju been a leader, about how for generations we shaped and changed our nation and indeed the world. connecticut drafted north america's first constitution. we founded the nation's first insurance company. our inventions gave the world many things including the can opener, the bicycle and artificial heart. connecticut has always been a birth place of innovation. and over the past four years we have continued to lead and lead nationally on some of the biggest issues of our time. we increased the minimum wage, the first in the nation to commit to $10.10 per hour.
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we passed paid sick leave first in the nation to do that as well. working with democrats and republicans we created the strongest, smartest gun violence prevention laws in the nation and today crime in connecticut is at a 40-year low. thanks toy
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connecticut on a path toward university pre-kindergarten. we did that together. we added more than $500 million to our rainy day fund and responsibly cut our long-term debt by $12 billion. and finally, because of the decisions we made together over the last four years our economy is gaining traction. together we helped private employers create more than 75,000 new jobs. none of these things, none of these things would have happened if we avoided tough decisions or failed to face our problems. we have led connecticut down a stronger path because we didn't take the easy way out. the question now before us is what is next. how do we honor our remarkable history and tradition. how do we fulfill the our promise for a brighter tomorrow?
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how do we decide what kind of connecticut we're going to leave our children? we do it with courage. by having a tough but necessary debates about our long-term prosperity. we do it by pushing ahead, even if it isn't easy. let me say this, especially when it isn't easy. we do it by building a connecticut that is prepared not just for the next fiscal year, but for the next half century. in that spirit, i want to talk to you about one of the largest challenges we face. something that has held us back decades and that if left unfixed would hamper our economy for decades to come. i want to talk to you about how for two generations connecticut fell short on transportation. we know that transportation and economic growth are bound together. states that make long-term investments in their infrastructure can have vibrant
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economies for generations. states that don't will struggle. it is that simple. transportation connects us literally, community to community, state to state and nation to nation. it connects us to economic opportunity and it connects us to one another. first, here's the good news. thanks to the efforts of so many here in this chamber, we increased support for transportation dramatically. funding is up 65% during the last four years. during this period we have sent more general fund revenue to the special transportation fund than ever before. nearly $1.2 billion. we have made sure more of the gross petroleum receipts tax goes directly towards supporting transportation. we have taken action on long overdue projects like widening i-84 in waterbury replacing the walk bridge in norwalk, and adding new tracks and signal systems between new haven and hartford, all told we invested more in transportation than at anytime dating back to governor
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o'neil. it is more progress than connecticut has made in decades. but here's the problem. it is still not enough. we had so much more to do. we had more to do because traffic congestion still costs the average person an extra 42 hours away from your family each and every year. and for our economy, it is the equivalent of $97 million in lost time and wasted fuel each and every day. all told -- all told, roads and bridges that are either deficient or overly congested cost connecticut drivers a total of $4.2 billion annually. it is harming us and the health of our children with additional air pollution and smog. simply put, our investments have not kept pace with our needs. and our residents and businesses are already paying that price. it is unacceptable. we need a new approach.
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to be competitive regionally, nationally and internationally we need a transformation for our roads, bridges, rails and ports even our walkways and our bike ways. we need to change the ways we commute, the ways our businesses move their products, and the ways we get around our cities and town. it is time for connecticut to establish a collective vision for the next 30 years a vision for a best in class transportation system. we can have an open and honest discussion of what needs to happen to transform our infrastructure to meet the challenges and demands of the 21st century. we can do this, we can do it this year, in this session. to make us more business friendly, to attract new companies and more jobs, to improve our quality of life and make our state an even better place to raise a family, we can change connecticut so that 30
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years from now, here is what we will leave to our children. a state with the sayest highways in new england. [ applause ] a state where people can move back and forth to their jobs in a reasonable and predictable amount of time so that they can spend less time and traffic and more time with their family. a state where we can attract new businesses because our highways and rail networks can deliver goods efficiently without delay and a state where our children want to stay and raise new generations because they have a choice to live and work with a car or without one. [ applause ]
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a state with three vibrant deep water ports exporting more and more goods made right here in connecticut, and a state with an international airport that served as a hub for transportation across america and around the globe. a state whose bus and rail system interconnect all of connecticut, linking us to cities up and down the east coast. a state that is crisscrossed by pedestrian trails to make our communities more sustainable and our towns more walkable and our cities more livable. these are lofty goals. they might seem unattainable to some. they'll say it can't be done or that is not even worth trying. they'll say we can't do it while also working to balance our budget. i say we can't afford not to do it. to get -- together we should
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refuse to give into the cynics and the naysayers. this is the connecticut we must strive for. now, over the coming weeks i will begin a dialogue on how best to face these challenges head on. i will come back to you next month with more details, but in the meantime i want to offer two ideas as a good place to start. first, we should ensure that our efforts are comprehensive in their size their scope, and their geography. that means widening i-95 state wide and fixing its entrance and exit ramps. it means building new rail stations and upgrading our branch lines to provide real commuter rail service, including the nagatuk valley. [ applause ]
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it means creating a state wide 21st century bus service with real time updates commuters can check on their cell phones. [ applause ] the bottom line is that we need to improve transportation of all kinds in towns of all sizes across all of our state. second, we must make sure that every penny we raise for transportation goes toward our vision to transform connecticut. today, i am proposing that connecticut create a secure transportation lock box that will ensure every single dollar raised for transportation is spent on transportation now and in the future. [ applause ]
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no gimmicks. no gimmicks and no diversions. and we should include a covenant with bond holders and all of the people of connecticut to ensure that money set aside for transportation projects is only used for that purpose send me a bill that accomplishes these goals and i will sign it immediately. until that legislation is passed and signed, i will veto any attempt to levy additional sources of new revenue for transportation. we also know that an honest conversation about transportation -- our transportation future must include a dialogue on how we pay for new projects. with traffic -- while traffic
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congestion is getting worse, more efficient cars means our gas taxes will soon fail to cover current investments let alone the new ones we need to make. the budget i present to you next month will include four steps toward funding a long-term transportation vision. but subsequent steps will need to be taken in the years beyond that. that's why we must tie our hands and the hands of future generations. it is why we must be specific about which current and future revenues we will set aside. let's start this conversation with a real working lock box. that's what we need. my friends we have accomplished many big things together over the past four years. but ultimately ultimately the success of our economy over the next ten 20 or even 30 years will be determined by one thing our transportation
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infrastructure. we need only to look to connecticut's own history to know that this is true. after all, transportation is why we led since our founding, from native american trails that helped a young colony develop and thrive to our seaports that brought commerce from across the globe and made our state a maritime center to the turnpikes and parkways that allow our state to develop into an industrial power, to the railroads that connected each city and town across connecticut to one another and to boston and to new york and beyond. today we can open a new chapter in our state's proud history, one where we begin rebuilding connecticut both figuratively and literally. let it be a chapter of smart investment and long-term thinking. let it be a down payment on the kind of state we want to leave for future generations. let it be a promise that connecticut's 88th governor and the 2015 general assembly were planning ahead.
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planning for our children and our children's children so that it was their interests that came first in our minds and first in our hearts. thank you, all. may god bless you and may god bless the great state of connecticut. [ applause ] and tonight, a live preview program of the state of the union address with your calls
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starting at 8:00 p.m. eastern on our companion network c-span and showing the president's address and the republican response live on c-span as well as c-span2. and some tweets from members of congress, republican dave joyce says in the state of the union address i hope president obama shows he'll work with congress to deliver results and solutions for problems facing our nation. what do you want to hear? and democrat sherry brown says my state of the union guest jason jacobs is a cincinnati resident who works with special needs students and would benefit from tax breaks. you can check out more at twitter.com/c-span. and a look here this is the area of the capital known as the ohio clock waiting for lawmakers who might pass by to make remarks as they exit their weekly party lunches shortly. in the senate today working on amendments to the keystone xl pipeline with votes expected after lunches. and later tonight, in the senate live coverage on c-span2 as the senate gathers at 8:30 to
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proceed to the house for the state of the union address. and in the house today, working on a resolution to condemn the terror attacks in paris. while we're waiting for lawmakers to appear at the clock, we'll look at health and human services secretary sylvia burwell talking about the obama administration's health care priorities. >> good morning. i want to welcome everybody to new america. i'm the director of the political reform program here. and before i introduce second burwell, who is here to make some remarks about the future of health care on a number of dimensions and in the new congress and the new -- the year ahead, i just want to make a few quick comments about new america and why we're so honored that we're able to host her here today for these remarks. among the founding principles of
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new america, which is reflected in the book the radical center by ted hall stead and michael lindh who are among the founders of this organization 15 years ago was a commitment to get beyond traditional partisan alignments and specifically to apply that idea to health care, to treat it as a matter of rights and responsibilities and is something that should be invested in, individuals and people, not just in some jobs and not others. and to improve care and not just coverage. over the following years the middle of the last decade new america's program led by lori rubiner, len nichols and shannon brownly worked to put that vision into place. this organization and len nichols created a space for bipartisan and most importantly cross ideological conversation that ultimately and it was wonderful to see it happen, ultimately resulted in some legislation that by 2008 had ten co-sponsors from each party. and piece of legislation that in
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some ways went further than the affordable care act but in other ways not. one thing we have done is try to look at the kind of situations where government can get things done, even in the situation where people have deep disagreements about values n doing that i still look at that -- the work new america did eight and ten years ago as a fascinating example. it reaffirmed for me a very basic truth, when people share a commitment to getting something done, when they agree the status quo isn't good enough, and willing to talk to each other, even if they're -- even if there are deep differences on what to do and how to do it but if people are willing to talk to each other, anything is possible. people can find solutions, even without giving up their core beliefs. and i think secretary burwell will tell us, we're on the verge of an era where we have that conversation again. i'm also looking forward to hearing secretary burwell's thoughts about innovation and
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how government can do better. last week, two long-standing board members of new america published a wonderful article highlighting some of the ways in which the affordable care act was encouraging innovation, reducing costs and expanding and improving care. they concluded the article 25 years from now, we hope historians look back on the affordable care act as the start of a new era of public private collaboration to develop innovative solutions to complex social problems and thus to restore trust in government itself. we share that confidence. now, i want to introduce secretary burwell i was first -- our staff said you need secretary burwell's biography, i said i know secretary burwell's biography, i was in government she was a hot shot in government, i worked in philanthropy later, a hot shot in philanthropy. i'll do the full bio. sylvia burwell was sworn in in june in the 22nd secretary of health and human services, smaller club than i would have thought of people who have been
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secretary of hhs. before that, she served as director of the officer of management and budget she worked with congress to restore order to the budget and appropriations processes. before joining the -- before coming back to government and rejoining this administration, she was president of the walmart foundation in bentonville, arkansas, during a period when that foundation surpassed $1 billion in total giving. for ten years before that president of the global development program at the bill and melinda gates foundation in seattle, washington which is an extremely large foundation. and works on a huge range of issues from vaccinations, children's health agricultural development and the foundation's first chief operating officer. during the clinton administration, secretary burwell served as deputy director of omb chief of staff to the secretary of the treasury and staff director of the economic council. she was born and raised in west virginia, received her ab from harvard and degree from oxford. we're pleased to have her here. let me do a quick logistical
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thing. after her remarks, we'll have questions and answers. you have cards for questions. please put your question on it and your name. we'll go through it and call on people and you'll say your question, but we want to do it efficiently with the cards first. with all that secretary burwell, we're pleased to have you. [ applause ] >> thank you very much, mark. appreciate it. and it is great to be here at the new america foundation. mark twain once said that you can't depend on your eyes when your imagination is out of focus. and i think the great thing about the new america foundation is that you work to refocus our collective imagination on the things that we can do together to renew american prosperity. and that's a very important thing, and why i think this is the ideal place for me to be to reflect upon the value s and
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interests and priorities that we have in common as americans and in the broader sense as citizens of a shrinking planet. i've long believed that across the globe regardless of your nationality or your financial status that we all basically have the same desires for our children. and that is we want them to live healthy and productive lives. and as the mother of a 7 and 5-year-old, i share that dream as well. i'm a believer in the notion that people who share common interests and common dreams ought to be able to find common ground. and that's what i want to talk with you about today. i truly believe there are a number of things where we have an opportunity and, in fact, a responsibility to get done together in this new year, working across the aisle, and working across different sectors. this is especially true in health care where our system is
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on the threshold of both positive and i believe transformational change. there are also opportunities that flow from the innovations in science and medicine that are being advanced by scientists. researchers and entrepreneurs. many of these innovations are redefining the boundaries of progress. at the same time, they're opening the promise of a new innovation economy. the opportunities before us are good for families, they're good for business they're good for the economy, they're good for taxpayers. there are things we can get done if we work together. and i believe there's a shared interest on both sides of the aisle. and with business and civil society communities in moving them forward. at the same time, the new year did bring in a new round of efforts to repeal the affordable care act. these efforts are happening despite increasing evidence that the law is working. millions more americans have
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access to quality, affordable care. some for the first time. what's more, millions of americans are already, who were already insured are benefitting from the law, as well. as you can imagine i will be vigorous in making the case that this law is working and that families businesses and taxpayers are better off as a result. i believe this firmly and as i've traveled around the country, i've been told by people i've met that they're not really concerned about the next headline. what they're concerned about is the next generation. they want us to stop the back and forth to move forward and to focus on the substance. and that's really what i want to talk about today. i count myself among those who do not believe that disagreements in some areas, even significant disagreements should prevent us from moving forward on others. medicaid expansion is an example. governors from 27 states plus d.c. including those who disagree on elements of the
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affordable care act. have reached the same conclusion, expansion is good for the people and the kbhieconomies of their states. and some who have not expanded have expressed interest in moving forward. states like wyoming, indiana, and utah. i want to see all 50 states expand in ways that work for their states. and we will work with governors from both parties to try and make that happen. there are other critical areas in health care where our common interests give us ample opportunity for common good. improving the quality of care we receive while spending our dollars more wisely. reducing substance use disorders and overdose deaths. strengthening global health security. reaffirming american leadership in research innovation and science. and building an innovation economy.
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let's start with our health care system. for all of the differences of opinion about how to move forward, there is one area which we have unanimous agreement. and that's a system that's been in place for 50 years, underdelivered on access affordability and quality. you can almost sum it up with the prices we paid far outweighed the progress that we made. health costs grew significantly faster than things like gdp. and middle class family incomes. we all felt the effects of a system that did not spend our health care dollars as wisely as we could've. however, over the last several years we started making significant progress thanks in large part to the affordable care act. it's now within our common interests to build a health care delivery system that's better, smarter and healthier. a system that delivers better care a system that spends health care dollars more wisely.
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where medical information and medical bills are easy to understand. a system that puts information in the hands of patients and doctors and empowers them to make better choices. if we do this we will leave a legacy for our children and our grandchildren. and as i've met with members of congress from both parties they've told me they want a better system, too. they want to tackle health care associated infections and patient harms. so we keep patients safer when they're in the hospital and healthier when they're out of it. we are already making progress as a country. we've achieved a 17% reduction in harms nationwide since 2010. and members of congress from both parties share our interests in payment innovation. we all want to find better ways to reward quality and high-value care in the system. there are opportunities to work
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together on putting better information in the hands of patients and their doctors and building a more transparent system. we've had fruitful discussions with congress about supporting and encouraging the in inoperatability. in expanding access to medicare claims and clinical data. to support innovation and empower consumers with information. together, they cover 1 in 3 americans. one of the things we're going to do is leverage the grant and rule making opportunities to improve the quality of care that beneficiaries receive while spending those dollars more wisely. we understand that's our role and it's our responsibility to lead and we will. but what we won't do and can't do is go it alone.
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patients physicians, government, business, we all have a stake. and i believe this shared purpose calls out for deeper partnerships. some of our most important results driven partners are actually state governments. which were taken creative and innovative steps when it comes to improving the quality and achieving smarter spending of medicaid dollars. i believe we have an opportunity to strengthen our relationship when it comes to things like modernizing medicaid enrollment systems, improving models for care in payment. coordinating and improving the care that's delivered to beneficiaries in managed care. part of building a health care system that keeps us healthy is actually reducing substance use disorders and overdose deaths. for millions of americans who rely on prescription painkillers known as opioids that are
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prescribed to them by their doctors, these drugs can be the difference between constant chronic pain or welcome relief. however, these drugs can be deadly. in 2009 drug overdoses overtook every other cause injury death in the united states. outnumbering fatalities from car crashes for the first time. meanwhile, in 2012 alone 259 million opioid prescriptions were written. that's enough for every american adult to have a bottle. rural america including my home state of west virginia knows the tragedy of this issue all too well. moving forward, we hope to work with members of congress from both parties on the goals we share for driving down opioid dependency and overdose deaths. this is a critical and complex public health challenge and requires a multifacetted approach.
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we have an opportunity to work together on improving opioid prescribing practices by enhancing prescription monitoring, data sharing, and clinical decision making. we also want to incentivize the development of abuse deterrent opioids and expand the utilization of a drug that used to reverse -- is used to reverse overdoses. and there's more we can do together in the realm of medicaid assisted treatment to help those who are addicted break that cycle. last session, congress introduced more than a dozen pieces of bipartisan legislation to try and address this problem. many proposing ideas that would help fuel progress in some or even all three of these areas. and we think we should continue to work together. i want to turn for a moment to global health security. the tragic ebola outbreak is a solemn reminder of our common
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humanitarian and security interests. the most effective way to protect americans here at home from outbreaks and other public health threats abroad is to stop diseases and the threats of them at their source. microbes and diseases are moving faster and further than ever before in human history. and they do not recognize national borders. i want to take this opportunity to thank the congress for choosing to act and invest in this critically important common ground priority of global health security. recently in a bipartisan fashion, members of both parties made a $597 million investment with the cdc to advance the global health security agenda. and its three pillars of prevention, detection and response. we want to work with our global partners to enhance their prevention strategies and tools
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for both naturally occurring and manmade threats. with only about 30% of countries reporting that they actually adequately can detect, respond, or prevent the health threats proposed by emerging diseases, there's an urgent need for this sort of investment and commitment. and it's important to note that just as congress has stepped up to the plate so have governments from other countries who are choosing to invest, as well, because they recognize that all of us have a stake in stopping outbreaks before they become pandemics. in september president obama convened the 44 countries that have signed on to be a part of that agenda. covering 44.8 billion people across the world. these countries have the will and the desire to implement the global health security agenda. but many of them require assistance to achieve the full range of its goals. this is an important start.
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from both a national security standpoint and a humanitarian one. our goal must continue to be for every nation on earth to have the ability to prevent, detect and respond to infectious disease threats. our ebola efforts overseas and our preparedness efforts here at home have also shown us where we can improve our abilities to add capacity and flexibility and wisely deploy resources in times of public health emergencies. we hope the work with the congress -- we hope to work with the congress in the spirit of the emergency funding we've received. and that includes making sure that we share our approach for spending of this funding. i want to now turn to another area where we as americans both have an opportunity and responsibility to lead. innovation, in science and medicine. the investments we've made through our federal government
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have reshaped our understanding of health and disease advanced life-saving vaccines and help millions of our fellow citizens live longer, healthier lives. but there's more we can do and should do together. and while we can always do better our goals are bolstered by the fda's speedy regulatory review process. in the united states our process is not only one of the most efficient in the world, but our drug review times are consistently faster than other advanced authorities around the world while maintaining the highest safety standards. in the last year alone fda approved the most new drugs in almost 20 years. including more drugs for rare diseases and more new therapeutic biological products than ever before. we want to work with the congress to secure the investments in science, research and innovation that will allow our nation's scientists and researchers to continue the progress they've been making on new and improved vaccines,
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cures, therapies and rapid diagnostics. a few p months back when republican representative fred upton invited me to attend a panel on 21st century cures i said, where and when? because i firmly believe that we have many common ground opportunities to work together. and i look forward to working with chairman upton ranking member pallone on this bipartisan effort. as we look to move forward i've told members of congress that we agree with them on the need to improve innovation, collaboration and data sharing among scientists. to respond to patients' needs and give them a meaningful voice in their own care. to bridge scientific gaps and bring products to market. to attract the best experts to accelerate cures. to reduce the administrative burdens and duplication.
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and to do all of this while maintaining and protecting the public's health safety. i want to give you an example of how by moving innovation forward we have the opportunity to deliver the sort of impact that can touch the lives of so many for the better. and that example is precision medicine. the science of harnessing our understanding of the human genome to customize the medical care to our own personal genetic make-up. for most of history, medical practitioners have been forced to make recommendations about prevention and treatment based largely on the expected response of an average patient. the ability to assess and use information about important differences among individuals has been very limited. the promise precision medicine has is that it gives us the ability to develop medical treatments that are highly tailored to the individual characteristics of patients. i hope we can work with the congress to scale up the initial
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successes we have seen in this promising avenue of scientific endeavor. it's in the interest of our health and our children's future to make these breakthroughs happen. it's in our economic interests to make sure that they happen here. i want to close by the way i opened. and that's by talking about the common dreams that we share for our children. if we take action to advance innovation, and if we choose to work together on the other priorities i've outlined this morning, then i believe we will build a stronger, healthier future for the next generation. in doing so, we can create a 21st century innovation economy in which we lead the world in advancing the next generation of scientific and medical innovations. at the same time we hope american entrepreneurs capitalize these innovations into the market for economic growth. the 21st century has been called the century of biology.
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and in this biocentury, our common interests in job creation and innovation are mutually reinforcing. steve jobs told his biographer walter isaacson that he saw parallels between the ways medical research was capturing his son's imagination and the ways in which computers encaptured his own. jobs said i think the biggest innovations will be at the intersection of biology and technology. a new era is beginning. just like the digital one when i was his age. this intersection presents us with some of the most fertile ground for building an innovation economy. as president obama said, what america does better than anyone else is spark the creativity and imagination of its people. we know that when we give american innovators the opportunity to innovate, they accomplish big things. this is especially true when it comes to innovations in medicine.
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i'm looking forward to working with leaders from both parties from the private sector from civil society and from the scientific and medical communities to deliver impact and drive progress that is worthy of the possibilities of our time. as i mentioned up front i hope that we can move beyond the back and forth of the affordable care act and focus on the substance of access, affordability, and equality. working families have come to count on that financial security that comes with having quality affordable health coverage. as secretary, i am contractually obligated to mention that open enrollment goes until february 15th. whether we're talking about affordable health coverage, a better, smarter health system a healthier population or a more secure world, i think it's fair to say that as a country and as a world we are on the threshold of positive and transformational
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change. it's up to us to build the common ground necessary to reach our common dreams. the world is watching, the next generation is waiting. the work is up to us. thank you very much. [ applause ] >> take some questions. >> we will take some questions. first question is david morgan from reuters. >> is david here? >> go ahead and ask your question. >> hi. i wanted to ask how confident you are given that 2/3 of the open enrollment period has passed. that enrollment will, in fact, meet or exceed your target of 9.1 million enrollees. >> i believe that we've made strong progress. you probably saw the numbers we announced yesterday for the
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federal marketplace that were almost at 6.8 million people who have either re-enrolled or have newly enrolled. and as i've said all along and said before we even started this open enrollment, it's my job to keep us focused every day. we have a ways to go. it's a short period of time to reach the 9.1 million. and that's a number of the goal we set out. every day, we are working hard against that. you probably know and saw yesterday this is a week of latino action firmly focused on that group. and we're going to continue to focus across the populations that we're trying to reach. i'm out there traveling quite a bit to different places, and what we're trying to do most to try to get to that goal is meet the consumer where they are. and that's both in terms of the speed and ease with which they can sign up and getting them the information they need to get there. >> great. thank you. >> mary agnes carey?
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>> i know you meet with a lot of members of congress. i'm wondering what you're hearing from republicans, especially in the senate about possible common ground around the affordable care act. >> so much of the conversation as is reflected in this speech is as i've focused on the issues where i think there are places for common ground. and we know that the issues that i mentioned, you know, the bipartisan bills, there have been bills on the issues of opioids that have been proposed by senator porter, senator ayotte has been an important co-sponsor of that legislation. on the house side, mr. rodgers from neighboring kentucky west virginia deeply interested in those issues. the issues and that whole list of issues i've mentioned. those are much about what the conversation's about. one of the things i'm trying to do and speaks to the reflection. focuses on the places where we have common ground. and there are, as i outlined today, whether that's delivery system reform where people do want to improve the
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effectiveness and efficiency of the dollars at the same time we do the quality. so that's the place where i focused mainly. >> -- with republicans on the aca? that is a key law. they are fighting it. but are there members that maybe have a different message or a different agenda than the leadership has? >> we are hopeful and look forward to that opportunity. as we've said all along, we want to find the places where the act can be improved. and, you know, we did support the heroes piece of legislation that came before us. and as i've said, we think about it in terms of affordability access quality, and how things affect the economy. we welcome the conversation, we look forward to it. at the same time, we want to work to make progress on issues where we know there's clearly common ground we've seen. >> madame secretary what do you see as the next steps particularly in the direction of affordable care? either through legislation on a
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bipartisan basis or from non-legislative action? >> so i think as we think about the affordable care act and continuing to move forward on the issues of affordability equality and access, i think making sure that we have a successful open enrollment and continue to serve the consumer that's the thing that's most in front of us right now. that's both about quality and affordability. second and continuing to work on that in the marketplace and contributing to a marketplace that works for consumers. second in terms of continuing to work on that space i touched upon it in these remarks. medicaid expansion is an important place for focus. and that's a place that has more to do perhaps, with governors. but in a bipartisan fashion because of the states that are left. and have communicated clearly. we want to work to do plans that work with states. in my conversations, it's reflected that different governors have different priorities for their people in their states.
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we want to work with them with flexibility. there are certain key elements of the expansion that were legislated and that we believe are important from a policy perspective. but we're open to the innovation of states. so that's area two. area three joe, in terms of the areas of focus on those three things and moving that ball forward is to continue the work on delivery system reform. and that comes in a number of different ways. and that's one where it's going to take the government, you know executive branch and the rule making and grant making i mentioned as a place that's very important to drive how payment reforms can occur because we are such a large payer. it has to do with what the private sector is doing. and so that's the next one. and then the last one is focusing on how we make sure that this access translates to care for individuals. whether it's in those that are newly ensured or those of us who had employer-based coverage and there are additional benefits
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and whether that's the preventive care you can be doing or the flu shot that you could be getting without co-pays or the child wellness visit. and so that fourth area of focus, joe in terms of moving those balls forward is about focusing on making sure that it isn't just the access, it is the question of the actual use and the benefit that comes from it. >> i want to ask a quick question. >> yes. >> crossing over your experience at omb and hhs, do you foresee a future in which the kind of things you've proposed today, some of the things that are beginning to happen with the aca begin to reduce the growth of health care costs in a way that begin to take some of the pressure, maybe change the complexion of the debate about the long-term fiscal situation and potentially create new opportunities for you know, different coalitions and alignments around that set of issues? >> so, you know, i think we have seen since i came -- since i arrived in town in terms of the
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deficit reduction, the most recent deficit numbers you know, over cut in half from the point in which i arrived. and so we continue to see downward pressure. i think always as an omb director, it's important that we always keep our eye ton the long-term, which is one of the issues that people have their eye on. and health care costs are an important part of that. what we have seen is the changes in terms of when you start to see that 2011, 2012, 2013 those numbers in terms of the lowest per capita health care cost growths we've seen on record. when you see that downward pressure on medicare in terms of the per capita growth being nearly flat over an extended period of time, i think we're starting to see that. now, the question of are those structural changes that will last for an extended period of time? how that incorporates with more people getting care. we need to keep our eye on. and that's why i was emphasizing so much delivery system reform.
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because while that's an issue that's about quality, it is about changing the way we do things so we get some of that long-term cost-savings that we're talking about. >> ricardo alonzo from "a.p." >> hi, thank you for taking my question. in your speech you didn't mention sgr and chip. and could we get what your outlook is for those two programs and what has to happen on the hill this year? and does the fact that you didn't mention these two programs mean that you think it's going to be contentious? >> so glad you raised them. probably the reason i didn't mention is because if this speech lasted much longer i'm not sure how long all of you would be here. the issue i think those are both important issues. i think they do fit into the frame of the conversation and
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what this speech was about which is general bipartisan support. both for sgr as well as the issue of chip. and so i think those fall into the category of things where i think there will be bipartisan support. i think those are very clearly legislative issues that the congress will take the lead in terms of the timetable and focus that they will do. but not mentioned because i thought that they were very contentious. as a matter of fact, on the ledger of putting things in columns of more contentious or greater possibility for working together, i see both of those in that category of greater possibility for working together. i think the question will come back to a point that was just raised in terms of deficits and that sort of thing as one looks at costs. >> what is the outlook? >> you know, the administration has expressed support for both of them. and so the question is is a legislative approach to achieve them.
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>> well, we want to thank you all for coming, and we especially want to thank secretary secretary burrwell. not always as high-profile paz this one. but we're really glad we could host you all today. thank you very much. >> thank you. and we're waiting for senate republicans and democrats to speak after their parties' lunches. and more live coverage this afternoon on the european union's high representative for foreign policy delivers remarks on u.s. transatlantic relations and foreign policy. that'll be live in a little less than half an hour from now at 2:45 eastern. and tonight, president obama gives his state of the union address to a joint session of
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congress. our live coverage will begin at 8:00 eastern with the speech at 9:00 that's happening on c-span, c-span.org and c-span radio. right now, as we continue to wait for senate republicans and democrats, we'll hear from homeland security secretary jay johnson talking about advancing -- >> he was sworn in on december 23rd 2013 as the fourth secretary of homeland security. prior to joining dhs, served for the department of defense, where he was part of the senior management team and led the military and civilian lawyers across the department. it's a big law firm. secretary johnson oversaw the development of the legal aspects of many of our nation's counterterrorism policies.
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and co-authored a report that paved the way for the appeal of don't ask, don't tell in 2010. secretary johnson's career has included extensive service in national security, law enforcement, and as an attorney in private corporate practice. secretary johnson was counsel on the department of air force and served as an assistant u.s. attorney for the southern district of new york from 1989 to 1991. i first knew from reading the memoir of former secretary bob gates. gates has been around for a long time, seen a loft of impressive and maybe not so impressive people during his time in town. he's the finiste istst lawyer i've
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worked with in government. common sense to burn and a good sense of humor. i trusted and respected him like no other lawyer i'd ever worked with. it's awfully high praise. and you've had a lot of jobs to test that sense of humor haven't you? please join me in welcoming secretary of homeland security jay johnson. >> thank you very much. i get more -- obviously this is a big day with the president coming up. it's important to remember, it's not unusual to have divided government. we've had it a lot. most of the time since world war ii. things that give us a chance to actually advance the agenda of the american people.
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i think any president in this situation has a choice he can act like he's running for office or focus on the things we have a chance to reach an agreement on. that's what i hope we'll hear tonight. is a speech that brings us together. and doesn't push us apart. the american people have spoken, they've decided they want both parties to have some lever of power here in congress. and i think they expect us to sort out the things we can agree on and try to make bipartisan progress for that, i'll turn to senator portman. >> it's about what divides us either between parties or capitol hill and the administration. i hope the president's going to talk about what can unite us. listening to the results of the
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2014 election. it wasn't about electing a republican majority, it was about the american people saying, we want you guys to get together and get some things done. one great opportunity is expanding exports. american workers, american farmers are now at a disadvantage because other countries are opening up markets for their workers and their farmers and we're not doing it. the president has concluded no trade negotiations in this administration because he hasn't had the authority to do it. he's talked about wanting that authority many of us on the republican side would like to help to give him that authority and give the american people and service providers that authority. that will open up markets so they can compete on a level playing field. >> and we're having a problem here with some of the audio. we're going to let you go ahead and watch the rest of this online. we've got it streaming at c-span.org. and show you, instead, homeland security
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security. >> it's my pleasure to introduce our speaker today jeh johnson was sworn in on december 23rd 2013 as the fourth secretary of homeland security. prior to joining dhs, served as general counsel to the department of defense where he was part of the senior management team and led the more than 10,000 military and civilian lawyers across the department. that's a big law firm. my goodness. as general counsel, secretary johnson oversaw the development of the legal aspects of many of our nation's counterterrorism policies spearheaded reforms to the military commission system at guantanamo bay and co-authored a 250-page report that paved the way for the appeal of don't ask, don't tell in 2010.
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secretary johnson's career has included extensive service in national security law enforcement and as an attorney in private corporate practice. secretary johnson was general counsel of the department of the air force from 1998 to 2001 and served as an assistant u.s. attorney for the southern district of new york from 1989 to 1991. i first knew of secretary johnson from reading the memoir former secretary bob gates. secretary gates has been around for a long time seen a lot of impressive and maybe not so impressive people during his time in town. secretary gates had this to say about secretary johnson and i'm quoting. he's the finest lawyer i ever worked with in government. straight speaking man of great integrity with common sense to burn and a good sense of humor. i trusted and respected him like no other lawyer i'd ever worked with. it's awfully high praise.
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and you've had a lot of jobs that test that sense of humor, haven't you? please join me in welcoming to the aeroclub podium. >> thank you very much. i get more good will from that bob gates quote from months ago. so thank you, bob gates. also i want to begin by saying i'm a big fan of aviation the airport industry. when i was a kid growing up in new york, i used to beg my dad on saturday mornings. dad, please take me to the airport to go see the jets. please take me to laguardia. to see the jets, the planes.
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it was such an object of excitement and futurism for me as a kid in the early 1960s. i actually thought about becoming a pilot myself when i was in high school. looking for something to do and rarely showing an interest in anything really of focus. and so i said to my parents when i was about 17 or 18 i'd like to try being a pilot. can i take flight lessons? and there was a deal at some flight school, you get an hour for free. so it went up with this pilot. and i never thought about flying an aircraft.
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as general counsel of the air force, i had the obligatory f-15 orientation ride. i procrastinated as long as i could. and finally got the obligatory ride with a pilot who is an academy graduate named sumo. i have -- as secretary of homeland security, flown commercial from time to time. our men and women in tsa. enjoy through the ts a line like everybody else. my staff was not so excited with me doing that. so the first time we went out to reagan national, a couple months
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after i took office a year ago. we went through the ts a line without incident. we got to gate 42, or 44. without incident. and then my flight was canceled. i won't mention the airline. but i flew commercial, again, last week. thank you for the opportunity to be here. i wanted to take this opportunity to preview some of my thoughts for a state of dhs speech that i intend to give in about two weeks. and some of my overarching thoughts about our department's mission i intend to focus on aviation security in particular. but i did want to preview some of the things that are on my mind about the state of the department i'm privileged to
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lead. the department of homeland security, as i'm sure most of you know is the third largest department of our government with 240,000 employees and a budget which consists of appropriated money the disaster relief fund and fees collected by various components of $60 billion. we are responsible for counterterrorism, cybersecurity, border security, port security, maritime security, aviation security, administration and enforcement of our immigration laws, protection of critical infrastructure, protection against nuclear threats to the homeland. protection of our national leaders. and responses to natural disasters. within the department of homeland security, there are customs and border protection itself. the largest federal law enforcement must remain the
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corner stone of our department's mission. we were formed, after all, in the wake of 9/11. and 13 1/2 years after 9/11, it is still a dangerous world. we've evolved to a new phase in the global terrorist threat. we are in a new phase. of the global terrorist threat. i've said before on several occasions that many of core al qaeda's leaders are now dead or captured. we've seen the rise of al qaeda affiliates such as al qaeda in
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the arabian peninsula which remains active. it remains active in plotting attempts to attack our homeland. we saw that on december 25th, 2009, with the attempted bombing of an airliner headed to detroit. the u.p.s. bomb package threat. we now see the rise of terrorist organizations that even core al qaeda has denounced. isil is the most prominent example of that on the world's stage. isil itself represents a serious terrorist threat globally because of their resources their capability and their depravity. what's new about the terrorist threat over the last 13 1/2 years? well here's a list. foreign fighters the phenomenon of foreign fighters. isil, for example, consists of scores of people from countries
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other than iraq and syria. foreign fighters, use by terrorist organizations of the internet, social media, magazines, literature and open and public calls by terrorist organizations. for attacks on western objectives. in europe and in this country, public calls by terrorist organizations for attacks openly discussing how, for example, one might bring an explosive device on to an airplane. coupled with terrorist organizations' increased savvy in how to communicate internally without being detected. as the director of the fbi has spoken of. add to that the threat of the
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so-called lone wolf, the independent actor who could be lurking right here within the homeland and who could strike on little or no notice. we see as a result of this new phenomenon attacks of the type that we've seen recently in ottawa sydney, paris. yesterday in belgium, the raid there, the threat presented there. all of this represents a new phase in the terrorist global threat in which we must respond. so what are we doing about this? the nature of this threat is such that notice of a terrorist plot. first notice of a terrorist plot against the homeland may be
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detected by the cop on the beat just as easily as the intelligence community given the nature of how this threat is evolving. more involvement of the potential lone wolf actor. so what are we doing about it? of course we are taking the fight directly to terrorist organizations and iraq, syria, yemen, militarily with an international coalition. and we will continue to do so. but there are other things that must be done and are being done. to quote chuck todd, nbc, who i just heard about an hour ago on television. you can kill the enemy, but not necessarily defeat the enemy. i agree with that. so what are we doing? well there needs to be a law enforcement response. given the domestic-based nature of some of what we're seeing
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now. the fbi, in my judgment, does an excellent job at detecting terrorist plots, arresting the individuals here at home. on monday i directed that we enhance our federal protective service presence at federal installations in major u.s. cities. that is in place now. we need to more fundamentally on a permanent basis given how the terrorist threat to our nation is evolving, work at the federal level. more intensely with state and local law enforcement. state and local police departments. active shooter training of the state and local law enforcement agencies. information sharing through dhs's intelligence and analysis
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directorate, as well as the fbi and other federal agencies. vertical integration vertical intelligence sharing now has become in my judgment all the more important through joint task forces, our jttfs fusion centers. vertical intelligence sharing with state and local law enforcement has become more and more important. to deal with the foreign fighter potential, the foreign fighter threat presented now globally. we need to develop more robust information sharing with our key counterterrorism allies overseas. to share information about individuals of suspicion. there is much work to do there. some are concerned about the visa waiver program through which we permit countries to have their citizens travel to our country without a visa.
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some are concerned about that program because many of these countries are countries that also have a foreign fighter concern. the answer is not to discard the visa waiver program. it represents an important element of lawful commerce between and among our international partners. earlier, late last year in november, we added information fields to what we call the electronic system for travel authorization. and i've asked my staff to consider and develop additional measures we might take to tighten the security assurances that we have with countries that participate in visa waiver in the visa waiver program. pursuant to the u.n. security council resolution that was passed last year on foreign fighters information sharing generally with our foreign
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allies, with state and local law enforcement must be undertaken. we must keep this up and, indeed, enhance it. here at home, given how the terrorist threat has evolved in the manner in which i described earlier, our engagements with community organizations in this country are all the more important. what we refer to in government as cve engagements. engagements with community organizations to counter violent extremism here at home. i participate in these around the country. in columbus ohio, chicago boston los angeles, minneapolis, last year i personally have gone to community organizations islamic cultural centers and others to talk about the issues that members of the community have with my department through our
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immigration system at airports. some of the issues that people in the muslim community, for example, face at airports with profiling. i've in turn talked to them about how we can together develop a counternarrative to what terrorist organizations are putting on the internet in social media how we counter that narrative. and to engage community organizations in our joint effort at homeland security. i'm very pleased there will be a white house summit on countering violent extremism on february 18th in a few weeks. the if you see something say something campaign has to be more than just a slogan. it means public engagement in our homeland security public safety efforts. we'll be rolling out a new spifed up if i can use those
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words, if you see something, say something campaign at around the time of the super bowl. public engagement in our efforts has become all the more important. public participation in our efforts. much of our concern continues to center around aviation security, which the experts in this room know much about. in july, i directed that we enhance aviation security at last point of departure airports overseas in reaction to some of the threat streams we were seeing then. we continually evaluate whether more enhancements are necessary without unduly burdening the traveling public. we enhanced aviation security recently last week. and we're looking at doing more in the short-term. in reaction to some of the
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threat streams that we're seeing now open source, public threat streams. tsa last year seized a record number of weapons from carry-on luggage from people, passengers many of them quite lawful. i'm told simply forget. but last year tsa seized over 2,100 weapons guns, in carry-on luggage at airports. that number is astounding to me. 2,100. it's a record in any one year. guns. many of which were loaded in carry-on luggage at airports. a total of 3,610 guns components of guns replicas, stun guns and other dangerous objects that individuals were attempting to carry on commercial aircraft. tsa obviously has become popular
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because of tsa pre-check. people actually say nice things about tsa as many of you know. because of tsa pre-check. but tsa pre-check is not only popular with the public, but it's an exercise in what we're doing more and more of risk-based security. which allows us to focus on the population we know less about. so it is probably not a coincidence that we were able to seize so many guns in one year. we continue to evaluate whether more and necessary. last week, i visited atlanta airport. i wanted to see firsthand the breach in airport security that led to the gun smuggling that i'm sure everybody in this room is aware of. it's a hole we need to plug. i encourage all of you responsible for airport and aviation security in this room
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to evaluate security at your airport or on your airline. evaluate whether we can be doing more reasonably and when it comes to our employees at airports and on airlines and how they get into the secure area. i've asked our tsa advisory group to think about this issue. and i'm hoping that people in this room are doing so parallel to that. we have made in a department a big agenda item preclearance capability at overseas airports. where the customs bureau, the cbp is present at the beginning of the beginning of the flight overseas rather than the end of the flight. you want to get in your cab, you don't want to go through an extensive screening. so pre-clearance is actually
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popular with traveling public. and it's an opportunity to screen people more before they get on the airplane bound for the u.s. we now have pre-clearance overseas at 15 airports. last year, 16 million passengers were screened at abu dhabi. the most recent airport at which we opened this 290,000 passengers were screened last year along with crew. 450 individuals were denied boarding at abu dhabi. including several in the terrorist screening data base. i want to expand on it in a way that does not give any airline or set of airlines a commercial advantage of any type. so we put out a solicitation worldwide to airports overseas about preclearance. we received back late last year
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25 indications of interest. in setting up a pre-clearance capability. we want to move forward on that. border security is closely related to counterterrorism efforts. over the last 15 years we've invested a huge amount in border security. land border security. in the year 2000 8,619 border patrol agents. today, over 18,000. in the year 2000 there was just 77 miles of fence across the southern border. now, there's over 700 miles of fence. in the year 2000, there were 56 aircraft that cbp had for border security on the southern border. now there are over 107 along with eight unmanned aerial vehicles. in the year 2000, we had two boats devoted to cbp. now we have 84. in the year 2000, one mobile surveillance system, now we have over 40.
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this nation's investment in border security on the southern border has produced results over the last 15 years. in the year 2000 there were 1.6 million apprehensions of those trying to cross our southern border illegally. 1.6 million over the last several years, that number has gone down to a fraction of what it used to be to range between approximately 320,000 to 480,000. a fraction of what it used to be. by the estimation of the pew research center, the population of undocumented in this country has stopped growing and has actually declined slightly to 11.3 million. many of you in this room are aware that last summer we had a spike along the southern border in illegal migration. mostly the kids. many of you saw the unaccompanied kids traveling across the southern border from
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central america into south texas. the high point was june 10th. in response, we put in place a number of things. we surged resources to the southern border to south texas, more personnel, more surveillance technology, more law enforcement efforts to crack down on the criminal smuggling organizations, the coyotes. more detention capability, more public messaging in central america and mexico in this country. the number dropped dramatically after that to the point where it's now considerably lower today than it was a year ago at this time and almost the lowest it's been in about two years. but we're not declaring mission accomplished at all. when it comes to border security. particularly on the southern border. much of the uptick and the downturn in illegal migration is seasonal and very predictable. it starts at the beginning of the year it peaks in early
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summer and then drops off when it gets really hot. we must prevent further spikes in illegal migration. many of the push factors in central america, the violence, the poverty in that part of the world still exists. the economy in this country is getting better. so what are we doing? we've established increased detention capability. we've just begun a new public messaging campaign in mexico, in central america, and we're building a southern border campaign plan where we marshal the entire resources of my department devoted to border security, in particular, parts of the world. so we're going to have a joint task force east, responsible for florida, the maritime approaches to the border and a joint task force director who coordinates all the resources of our department in that part of the world and that region. we're going to have a joint task force west that is responsible
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for border security in the southwest and who will coordinate all of the resources of my department icbp, cis, and the coast guard directed directed at border security in the southwest. this has been greeted with bipartisan positive reaction. on the immigration front, on november 20, the president announced our executive actions to fix our broken immigration system. we identified -- >> we are going to leave this speech by the homeland security secretary. can you find his remarks online, c-span.org. take you live now to the brookings institution for remarks by the european union's high representative for foreign policy on transatlantic relations. introductions being made by martin indyk. >> director of the foreign policy program at brookings. we're delighted this afternoon to host this event with federica
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mogherini, along with thor german marshall front, a great institution around the corner. it's an honor for us to be doing this event together with them. karen donfried head of the german marshall fund its president, is up here on the panel. i'll introduce her in a moment. it's a special honor for me to have the opportunity to host and introduce federica mogherini because i knew her before she was famous. only by five minutes, actually. we had a wonderful meeting in a splendid palace in rome before she was appointed as foreign minister.
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in the new italian government. and pretty soon after that she became the high representative of the european union for foreign affairs and security policy. in short the eu foreign minister. but i remember that meeting very well. i was just in the process of departing from the state department in my last role as special envoy for israeli/palestinian negotiations. we had a wonderful discussion about -- about the problems involved in trying to promote reconciliation and peace between the israelis and palestinians. and i was immediately impressed by her understanding and knowledge of her complex issue that i had spent 35 years trying to master. and she seemed to have got ahold of it.
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in that moment. so, welcome. ms. mogherini, as i said previously italy's minister of foreign affairs. before that a member of the italian parliament from 230008 to 2014. she was the head of the italian delegation to the nato parliamentary assembly. and previously been a member of the parliamentary assembly of the council. on europe. she's held many positions in the foreign policy field in italian politics. she has also been a fellow of the german marshall fund for the united states. so that plains her rise to a
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position of such great importance. karen donfried, as i said is the president of the german marshall fund. she is a former colleague. she served most recently as special assistant to the president and senior director for european affairs on the national security council. at the white house. where she was president obama's principal adviser on europe and led the inter-agency process on development and implementation of the president's policy toward european affairs. we'll have an address from ms. ms. ms. mogherini on the transatlantic bond in an age of complexity and she and karen will then lead a conversation with her and with the audience. so, ladies and gentlemen please welcome the eu high
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representative for foreign affairs, federica mogherini. >> thank you very much for the memories, for the warm welcome and also for the joint inhave i station. it's a pleasure to be back here in brookings. i actually was in -- i think in another room next door less than a year ago. and it's a pleasure to meet again, friends of brookings but also of gmf. what made my experience of fellow in 2007 was one of the best and most important experiences of my life. and i would say that shows that fellowship works, to some extent, at least. but coming here, i realize that the first time i traveled to america, i was 28. and that was just after 9/11. and all europeans felt a very strong sense of solidarity at
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that time. we were all americans in our hearts and with our minds. and i remember very well that during my visit, that was a private trip, i was very much impressed by the sense of pride and unity of the american people in those days after the attacks. and u.s. flags were everywhere, and rightly so. 14 years later i've seen and sensed the same sense of pride and unity in the streets of paris, where thousands -- millions actually, of citizens, french, european citizens, showed the strongest possible reaction to a terrorist attack that many europeans, many french perceived as our own 9/11. obviously, we have had other attacks on european union soil. in madrid in london and now in paris. but the numbers -- the numbers of victims, obviously, are not comparable. but the symbol is the same.
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as america was attacked targeting the symbols of powers and integration, the world trade center, europe was attacked targeting the symbols of its freedoms and rights. journalists, freedom of speech, media freedom. the police, the right to live in security. jewish people, freedom of religion and rights of minorities. if you try your french [ speaking foreign language ] where the words disappeared from the narrative. and i think this is a message we should all reflect upon at a certain time. but as in 2001 america reacted with pride and unity around its flag. today we are reacting with pride and unity around a renewed sense of european identity. not something to be given for
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granted. if you look at the political trends of the last years in europe. still, we have the duty to ask ourselves, why after 14 years we are still there under attack. we draw lessons from the past. that's why in paris we were marching together. not only with european leaders but also mainly i would say, with leaders from middle east, the gulf, africa. that's why even in the day of the march in paris we felt the need to look at the atrocities that boko haram was perpetrating to thousands of syrians in nigeria. and that is why just yesterday in brussels, together with all foreign ministers of the european union, we met with the secretary-general of the arab league. that's because we know that this is not a fight between the west and islam. we know that the first victims of terror have arab names and muslim faiths. and because we know that what we
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need in order to face truly and effectively the terrorist threats in europe and elsewhere in the world is an alliance partnership of civilizations. it's not easy and it will not be easy at all. in europe and outside europe. but nothing in the world we're living in is easy and everything is complex. we live in an age of unprecedented complexity. the world is becoming at once more interconnected more conflictual and more polycentric. if is a world which power is diffused overlapping centers of attraction and repulsion. it is a complex world that requires the capacity to read, understand and tackle complexity. if you want to play a role. i'm afraid the european union has a unique role in this. to manage the complexity that surrounds us. seen from the outside, and i can see even seen from the inside
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the european union seems very complex itself. be it our institutions, the way we take decisions our many cultures and religions and cultures it, we are a complex system. believe me, it is a real challenge and can be a real nightmare and our duty is to make sure that we make the european union work in a more rational, quick and also simple way. but that's also added value. over the years, we have learned to benefit from our different perspectives and we have built consensus around them. our differences don't make it impossible for us to work together. and act united. in the new world we see emerging, i will not say world order. i would say the new world we see emerging. forging consensus and building partnership is essential. it is a world in which the west

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